Community pharmacists: Underutilized resources in the HIV care team. Anal sex is a common practice among men who have sex with men, heterosexual men and women, and transgender individuals and is a known risk factor for HIV infection and transmission. Therefore, it is important that education on HIV prevention includes accurate information on the fluids that can transmit HIV through this type of sex. If one of these fluids is excluded from prevention messaging, it could lead a client to underestimate their risk of HIV transmission. While there is no doubt that semen, pre-ejaculate pre-cum , and blood can contribute to the risk of HIV transmission through anal sex; it seems there is less clarity among frontline service providers on whether rectal fluid should also be included on this list. This article looks at what rectal fluid is, whether or not it can contain and transmit HIV, and the implications for prevention education. Rectal fluid is the mucus that lines the rectum.
What are the risks of anal sex?
Anal Sex | HIV Risk and Prevention | HIV/AIDS | CDC
A: In heterosexual vaginal or anal sex, if other factors are equal, a woman has a biologically higher risk of infection compared to a man. A: The risk for anal sex, if other factors are equal, is greater for a receptive partner compared to an insertive partner. Home Guides HIV testing and risks of sexual transmission Risks for men vs women and insertive vs receptive? Guides Risks for men vs women and insertive vs receptive? Q: Are risks different for men vs women? The surface area of the vagina or anus is far greater than the surface area of the penis.
Anal Sex and HIV Risk
Another study conducted by the University of Indiana asked questions on heterosexual anal sex and found that the percentage having anal intercourse within the past year demonstrated a similar age breakdown as that of the NSFG. Adolescents are also practicing heterosexual anal sex; and again, the prevalence increases with age. Are there health concerns regarding heterosexual anal intercourse? Of course — as with all types of sexual activity — there are both emotional and physical pitfalls. People need to be educated about the dangers of anal intercourse, so they can make an informed decision about whether or not to participate in the activity.